Timeline

  • 1640

    Johan Börjesson starts iron production in the district with the setting up of Sunnemo ironworks, the first ironworks in what is now Hagfors municipality.


    Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule and the Duke of Braganca is crowned King João IV of Portugal.

    The first known European coffee house opens in Venice.

    The play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand takes place in this year.

  • 1668

    Johan Karlström, son of the Mayor of Karlstad and Börjesson's nephew, starts to build Stjärn's trip hammers, later Stjärnsfors Bruk, and settles at the same time on land owned by the nobility situated where the River Uvån meets Lake Rådasjön and which from then on was given the name of Uddeholm, one of Värmland's largest farms at the time.


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    The first National Bank in Europe (the Riksbank) is founded in Stockholm, Sweden.

    The pirate Henry Morgan sacks Portobello and Panama City

    Isaac Newton builds the first Reflecting telescope.

  • 1715

    Bengt Gustaf Geijer from Bosjön was out riding one day and immediately saw the potential in the farm and the company, which for some years after Karlström's death in 1691 had more or less fallen into disrepair due to difficult times. At first Geijer leased Uddeholm's farm.


    King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years, leaving his throne to his great-grandson Louis XV, who will reign for 58 years.

  • 1720

    Geijer and his new wife Lovisa Sofia Tranea buy the manor house as well as the woods, the waterfalls and the hammers. In the same year he also founds the company Uddeholms Bolag (Uddeholm's Company). Over the next 20 years, he and his wife build Uddeholm into one of the bigger iron producers in Sweden. Several blast furnaces and hammers are set up: Stjärnsfors, Geijersholm, Gustavsfors, Uvanå, Uddeholmshyttan and Traneberg, plus others.


    The South Sea Bubble burst. The English stock market crashes with dropping prices for stock in the South Sea Company, an English company granted a monopoly to trade with South America.

  • 1733

    Bengt Gustaf and Lovisa Tranea knock down the first manor house and replace it with a newer, larger and more modern, Uddeholms Manor House no. 2.


    The election of Augustus III to succeed his father as King of Poland sparks the War of the Polish Succession.

  • 1746

    Bengt Gustaf Geijer dies, but before his death he writes a will which guarantees that the company will be kept together within the family even after his death and therefore cannot be split up among the many heirs.


    King Gustav III of Sweden and the spanish painter Francisco Goya are born.

    Princeton University (NJ, USA) received its charter.

    The Battle of Culloden brings an end to the Jacobite Rising. It is the the final pitched battle fought on British soil.

  • 1750

    Bengt Gustaf Geijer's wife Lovisa Sofia Tranea dies. In the last four years after Bengt Gustaf's death, she became one of Sweden's first ever female business executives, and by herself led Uddeholm's development while also bringing up the ten children they had together, of whom 9 survived.

    The eldest son Jan Gustaf is entrusted with the managing director's chair and managing Uddeholm. But Jan Gustaf is not actually interested and tires of it after three years, moves south towards Ransäter which is now called Geijergården. Jan Gustaf is therefore also the forefather of the Ransäter branch of the Geijer family, which includes his grandchild: the author, poet, philosopher, historian and composer Erik Gustav Geijer. Erik Gustav was also one of the most important aesthetes and innovators during Swedish Romanticism and was considered one of the fathers of Swedish nationalism. Erik Gustav Geijer was professor of history at Uppsala University from 1817 and in 1824 became a member of the Swedish Academy. He was also vice-chancellor of Uppsala University in the years 1822, 1830, 1836 and 1843–1844.


    Jonas Hanway reputedly becomes the first Englishman to use an umbrella.

    Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer, dies.

  • 1753

    Emanuel Geijer, one of the younger brothers, supersedes his older brother who had moved to Ransäter. Uddeholm's company continued to be run by children and grandchildren of the Geijer family up to 1829. Emanuel was raised to the peerage later in life with the name Emanuel af Geijerstam thanks to his contact with King Gustav lll. On Emanuel's side of the family tree is today's "Clabbe" af Geijerstam, one of the prominent figures during the rise of Swedish popular music from the 1960s to today, also a leading radio DJ.


    Publication of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum, the start of formal scientific classification of plants.

  • 1785

    The old 17th century church in Norra Råda was moved across Lake Rådasjön and rebuilt as a new corn store for the manor house. In 1960 the building was renovated again and returned to ecclesiastical use as today's Uddeholm's chapel.


    Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England to Calais, France in a hydrogen gas balloon, becoming the first to cross the English Channel by air. A few months later, a hot air balloon crashes in Tullamore, Ireland, causing a fire that burns down about 100 houses, making it the world's first aviation disaster.

    The dollar is unanimously chosen as the money unit for the United States.

    Louis XVI of France signs to a law that a handkerchief must be square.

  • 1814

    The construction of Uddeholm's third and current manor house starts. It was not completed until 1825, mainly because the company lacked the financial resources during this period which dragged out the construction process.


    Napoleon abdicates unconditionally as Emperor of the French.

    Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.

    Norway becomes indipendent.

  • 1829

    Jonas Waern joins Uddeholm's Company. He was the first person in more than 100 years who was not a Geijer and, in light of the existing will, this obviously caused a problem, although this was quickly resolved by Waern marrying one of the Geijer girls.

    Waern was a pioneer who promoted large-scale production and streamlining. He saw the possibility of using hydropower to develop the industry and was among those who laid the foundation for the new industrial Sweden and therefore also today's modern Uddeholm.


    The Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg and the Kings College in London are founded.

    The city of Perth in Australia is founded. Geronimo, Apache leader, is born.

    Robert Stephenson's Rocket wins the Rainhill Trials, setting a new standard for locomotive design.

  • 1830

    Waern acquires Munkfors Bruk and incorporates it with the other steel operations. Also during the 1830s the first ever school is built in the district in Stjärnsfors, since early on Waern had seen that the only way of addressing social deprivation was to introduce compulsory education for children and young people.

    Since education did not become compulsory nationally in Sweden until 1842, Waern's ideas were groundbreaking and he received a lot of support from his administrator, Torsten Rudenschöld, who also saw how the often one-sided and physically intense work at the plant wore the worker's bodies out. Rudenschöld therefore also had a gymnasium built (Sweden's first) in Stjärnsfors where workers, children and housewives could take exercise.

    Rudenschöld stayed just three years at Uddeholm, after which he moved away to continue his life's work of preaching education and health. Today, he is therefore seen as one of the forefathers of Swedish elementary schools.


    Greece becomes independent from the Ottoman Empire.

    Ecuador becomes an independent republic.

    John Batterson Stetson, inventor of the Cowboy hat is born. The Wild West would not have been the same without him.

    Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and King George IV of the United Kingdom and Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan revolutionary and statesman are born.

  • 1843

    Waern lets one of the young engineers working for the company, E G Danielsson, take the ship to America to market Uddeholm and the company's product range. Danielsson returned a year later with several contracts with new customers from across the pond. We can still thank him today for putting Uddeholm's name on the map outside Europe.


    Charles Dickens' novella A Christmas Carol is first published.

    The Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.

    Ada Lovelace becomes the world's first computer programmer.

    The Economist newspaper is first published in London.

    Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer, is born.

  • 1870

    The former family company Uddeholm is re-formed as a public share company.


    First ever international Association Football match between England and Scotland at the Oval, London.

    Richard Wagner's opera Die Walküre is first performed at Munich's National Theatre.

    Franco-Prussian War ends with victory for Preussia. Emperor Napoleon III of France is deposed and the Third Republic is declared.

    Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch establish the germ theory of disease.

    The stock ticker is invented by Thomas Alva Edison.

  • 1878

    After several years of construction work, the blast furnace pipe is filled for the first time at the new ironworks in Hagfors. Over the years this was to become the heart of Uddeholm's steel operations. Managing director E G Danielsson not only sets up this new Hagfors ironworks which came to replace the many small hammers and blast furnaces, he also establishes a railway, NKlJ-banan, as a way of modernising transport and the opportunity of exporting both forestry products and iron and steel.


    The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.

    The Tokyo Stock Exchange is established

    Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld leaves Sweden on a voyage that will make him the first to navigate the Northern Sea Route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean along the Siberian coast.

    The Treaty of Berlin makes Serbia, Montenegro and Romania independent.

    The first weekly weather report is published in the United Kingdom.

    Karl Benz produces a two-stroke gas engine.

  • 1880

    The first Bessemer blowing process is carried out at Hagfors ironworks.


    The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.

    Douglas MacArthur, American general, is born

  • 1882

    The new cogging mill is completed and a year later a screw factory as well as a nail factory and open hearth furnace are constructed.


    American circus manager P. T. Barnum purchases the elephant Jumbo. Ever since, all large objects are "Jumbo" size.

    Outlaw Jesse James is shot and killed by Robert Ford.

    Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer, is born.

  • 1883

    Uddeholm AB has a foundry built at the new factory in Hagfors which is now growing rapidly. A 2.5-tonne steam hammer would ensure the iron and steel were forged into rods of the required hardness. This laid the foundation for today's forging centre for tool steel from Uddeholm.


    The Indonesian volcano Krakatoa explodes, killing 36000 people. The explosion is heard over 4000 kilometerrs away.

    Antoni Gaudí begins to work on the Sagrada Família Cathedral in Barcelona, Spain.

    Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek poet and author of novels such as Zorba the Greek and The Last Temptation of Christ, is born.

    The American inventor Charles Fritts constructs the first solar cell.

  • 1906

    The first power station is built at the upper dam in Stjärnsfors, between Lake Värmullen and the River Uvån. The output is 400 horsepower and the voltage 3.000 volts.


    The world's first feature film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, is released.

    Samuel Beckett, Irish writer and Nobel laureate is born.

  • 1911

    Forshult power station, the first hydroelectric power station, is built in Klarälven, which, thanks to its size, helps enable the whole of the ironworks in Hagfors to be electrified.


    The capital of India is shifted to New Delhi from Calcutta (now Kolkata).

    Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and a team of four become the first people to reach the South Pole.

    Marie Curie is awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry.

    Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre but recovered after two years.

    Hiram Bingham rediscovers Machu Picchu in Peru.

  • 1943

    The Second World War is ravaging Europe but in neutral Sweden there is peace. Uddeholm inaugurates a new forging press and celebrate its 275th anniversary. Guests of honour, local managers and employees gathered for a big feast which people still talk about - but not for what one may expect. 

    What no-one knew was that the moose meat was not quite fresh. During the following days, the normally idyllic city of Hagfors suffered from stomach disease of epic proportions.


    The prize for Best Picture at the 16th Academy Awards is awarded to Casablanca

    The Battle of Guadalcanal ends with vicory for the USA

    The Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the surrender of the German 6th Army.

    German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.

    Battle of Kursk – The largest tank battle in history take place and end with victory for the Soviet Union.

    The Allies invade Sicily. Mussolini is overthrown and Italy surrender.

    The aerosol spray is invented in the United States.

    The Colossus computer is invented by the British to break German encryption.

  • 1945

    ASSAB, Associated Swedish Steel AB, is formed from the four cooperating Swedish steel producers Uddeholm, Fagersta Bruks AB, Hellefors Jernverks AB and Sandvikens Jernverks AB with the aim of jointly exploiting the opportunities to develop business in Asia east of Burma, Africa and in Latin America. In 1976 Uddeholm bought the others out and ASSAB thus became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Uddeholm.

    Since 1 April 2011, ASSAB has only existed in the form of ASSAB Pacific, as Uddeholm's sales channel in south-east Asia including China; operations in the rest of the world are otherwise fully integrated into Uddeholm.


    The 2nd World War ends.

    The first atomic bomb is detonated.

    The United Nations is founded.

    Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey are awarded the Nobel Price in medicine "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases".

  • 1949

    At the Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Karlstad on 11 June, a conflict between the then CEO Nils Danielsen and primarily the board's chairman, the bank director, Tage Cervin, which had been going on for several years, was finally resolved. Danielsen had refused to go along with the board's idea of winding up the ironworks in Hagfors. The board wanted to concentrate all steel production in Storfors, which Danielsen had opposed. Despite requests, Danielsen had also refused to depart, and at the AGM the conflict was finally resolved with a vote of confidence, which went in Danielsen's favour. Hagfors Ironworks was saved and the whole of the former board was kicked out of the AGM.


    India, Indonesia and the People's Republic of China are founded.

    The first Soviet atomic bomb is detonated.

    NATO is founded.

  • 1956

    Wilhelm Ekman is appointed MD of Uddeholm, a post he will hold for 19 years until 1975. Today, Ekman is seen by many as the last traditional works managing director in Sweden, heading a conglomerate with five organisational branches: Steel, Forest (including agriculture), Chemistry (including paper and pulp), Power and Mines. At its peak Uddeholm had more than 12,000 employees in Värmland during the Ekman period.


    Elvis Presley introduces his new single, "Hound Dog", on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.

    The Hungarian Revolution is crushed by the Soviet Red Army.

    The Suez crisis. Israel, France and the United Kingdom invade Egypt.

    The hard disk drive is invented at IBM.

    The The Ten Commandments with Charlton Heston, Yul Brynner and Anne Baxter premiers.

  • 1964

    On the first of November passenger traffic ceases on NKlJ-banan. Afterwards the railway is only used for goods transport until 1 October 1990 when the Hagfors – Deje line was closed. Today, the old NKlJ-banan is a tarmacked and 100% car-free cycle path stretching 100 km between Hagfors and Karlstad.


    The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show. Seen by an estimated 73 million viewers, the appearance becomes the catalyst for the mid-1960s "British Invasion" of American popular music.

    The Rolling Stones release their debut album, The Rolling Stones.

    The Swedish warship Vasa, sunk in 1628, is raised from the waters of Stockholm harbor.

    In South africa, Nelson Mandela and 7 others are sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa, and sent to the Robben Island prison.

  • 1972

    At the end of 1972, production cease at the Nykroppa mill and all equipment and production is moved to Degerfors.


    Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark.

    The Godfather is released in cinemas in the United States.


    Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee.


    Apollo 17, the last manned mission to the moon,lands in the Taurus-Littrow valley.


    Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of their seminal arcade version of Pong, the first game to achieve commercial success.

  • 1977

    Uddeholm is saved from liquidation thanks to a government conditional loan of 600 million kronor, money which the company has never needed to pay back.


    Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel.

    The punk band The Clash's debut album The Clash is released in the UK.

    The first complete genome is sequenced.

    Star Wars opens in cinemas becomes the highest grossing film of for many years.

    Rocky wins the Academy Award for Best Movie.

    Elvis Presley dies.

    Shakira, Colombian musician, is born.

  • 1978

    Uddeholm's forestry operations merge with Billerud into a joint Billerud-Uddeholm AB. In the mid-80s this company was sold to Stora to form today's Stora Enso.


    Vladimír Remek from Czechoslovakia becomes the first non US or Soviet citizen to travel into space aboard Soyuz 28.

    Former Italian Premier Aldo Moro is kidnapped and later murdered by the Red Brigades.

  • 1979

    Uddeholm and Sandvik (65%-35% ownership) found Uddeolm Strip Steel AB which consist of the strip steeldivision in Munkfors. Nyby-Uddeholm is created to handle stainless steel production by Uddeholm and Gränges Nyby (90%-10% ownership).

    The Group's central data processing resources is transferred into their own company together with Programator AB. The new company's name is AB Värmlandsdata, often cited as the key factor in the development of today's IT cluster in Värmland.


    Iranian revolution.

    Former Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious is found dead aged 21 of a heroin overdose in New York City.


    Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT II agreement in Vienna.


    Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1984

    The specialsteel division of uddeholm is reorganized as an independent Private Limited company (Aktiebolag) called Uddeholm Tooling AB.

    The stainless steel operations in Nyby Uddeholm are sold to Avesta AB, now Outokumpu.


    Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated.

    Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a space walk.

    The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China sign the initial agreement to return Hong Kong to China in 1997.

  • 1988

    The then owners, AGA AB, sell Uddeholm's remaining steel operations, primarily tool steel in Hagfors, to Trustor AB while the power station operations are retained in Värmlandsenergi AB (changing its name to Uddeholm Kraft AB), which later becomes a part of today's Fortum.


    The Soviet Union begins its program of economic restructuring (perestroika).

    The Halabja poison gas attack is carried out by Iraqi government forces<.

    Celine Dion wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi".

    After more than 8 years of fighting, the Soviet Army begins withdrawing from Afghanistan. It is completed in 1989.

    George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis becoming the first sitting Vice President of the United States in 200 years to be elected as President of the United States.

  • 1990

    Trustor opens talks with Austrian company voestalpine Stahl AG about a merger between Uddeholm and their subsidiary Böhler.


    USA invades of Panama, deposing General Manuel Noriega.

    Iraq invades Kuwait. This eventually leads to the First Gulf War.

    The first McDonald's in Moscow, Russia opens.

    Tim Berners-Lee creates the first webpage on the first web server.

    East Germany and West Germany reunify into a single Germany.

    The TV show "Beverly Hills, 90210" premieres.

  • 1991

    The companies merge and form the joint company Böhler-Uddeholm AG. All that is left of the former conglomerate Uddeholm is tool steel in Hagfors and the cold-rolled belts in Munkfors.


    The First Gulf War ends with the defeat of Iraq. End of Apartheid. The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all South Africans at birth. Nelson mandela is released from prison.

    Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.

    The Warsaw Treaty Organization (the Warsaw Pact) is officially dissolved.

    The government of India announces its New Industrial Policy, marking the start of India's economic reforms.

    End of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union. In September, hardliners attempt a coup which quickly fails. The soviet republics declare their indipendence one by one. The Cold War ends after 44 years when the Supreme Soviet meets and formally dissolves the Soviet Union.

  • 1996

    Uddeholm invest more than 100 milion SEK in a new Electro Slag Remelting (ESR) facility.


    Chess computer "Deep Blue" defeats world chess champion Garry Kasparov for the first time.

    Swede Göran Kropp reaches the Mount Everest summit alone without oxygen, after having bicycled there from Sweden.

    The "Unabomber", Theodore Kaczynski, is arrested at his Montana cabin.

    Rapper Tupac Shakur is shot and killed in Las Vegas.

    Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell, is born.

    The Google web search engine originates as "BackRub", a research project using PageRank by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, PhD students at Stanford University, California.

  • 2002

    Between 2002-2008, Uddeholms AB was naming partner to the Swedish Rally, the largest motor sport event in Sweden. The "Udddeholm Swedish rally" was part of the World Rally Championship and the only race that was driven in winter conditions. The Swedish rally has been held for decades in the forrests of Värmland and it was with great pride and involvment that Uddeholm participated. As the major service base of the competition is based in hagfors, many employees worked as volunteers to keep the whole event running. So in many ways, the Uddeholm Swedish rally was truly the Uddeholm Rally.


    Operation Enduring Freedom, the U.S. led coalition invasion of Afghanistan begins.

    South African Mark Shuttleworth becomes the worlds second space tourist as he blasts off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Soyuz TM-34. He had paid £15 million for the trip.

    The International Criminal Court is established.

    A Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic begins in Guangdong Province of China. As it starts to spread, it leads to travel restrictions around the world.

  • 2007

    The Austrian steel Group voestalpine AG makes a bid for the whole of Böhler-Uddeholm AG, which later forms a completely new fifth division, Special steel, in voestalpine.


    Apple Inc.'s first iPhone smartphone is announced by Steve Jobs at Macworld in San Francisco.

    Bulgaria and Romania join the European Union.

    The final book of the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, is released and sells over 11 million copies in the first 24 hours, becoming the fastest selling book in history.

  • 2010

    After two years of careful planning and hard work, a second forging press is inaugurated by King Karl XIV Gustav of Sweden.


    The President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński, is among 96 killed when their airplane crashes in western Russia.

    The Deepwater Horizon oil platform explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, killing eleven workers. The resulting oil spill is one of the largest in history.

    Volcanic ash from spread by eruptions at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland disrupt air travel across Europe.

    Researchers at CERN trap 38 antihydrogen atoms for a sixth of a second, marking the first time in history that humans have trapped antimatter.

    On 17 December, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young fruit vendor in Tunisia, sets himself on fire as a protest againts government harassment. He does not die until 4 january 2011 but his act ignites protests that marks the starting point of the Arabic Spring revolution.

    Toy Story 3 becomes the highest-grosssing film of the year.

  • 2012

    Uddeholm takes yet another step tomards being one of the most environment friendly producers by switching to LNG.


    Lonesome George, the last known individual of the Pinta Island Tortoise subspecies, dies at a Galapagos National Park, thus making the subspecies extinct.

    CERN announces the discovery of a new particle with properties consistent with the Higgs boson after experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.

    The 2012 Summer Olympics are held in London, United Kingdom.

    In the worst power outage in world history, the 2012 India blackouts leave 620 million people without power.

    Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner becomes the first person to break the sound barrier without any machine assistance during a record space dive out of the Red Bull Stratos helium-filled balloon from 24 miles (39 kilometers).

  • 2013

    Uddeholm India is inaugerated on 1 April.

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